A Complete Intro to Industrial Pallet Racking Systems-www.visonstorage.com




A Complete Intro to Industrial Pallet Racking Systems

A Complete Intro to Industrial Pallet Racking Systems

Apr 09, 2024

Every warehouse faces a constant challenge: maximizing space utilization. Pallets loaded with goods can quickly turn into a cluttered labyrinth, hindering efficiency and safety. But fear not, warehouse warriors! Industrial pallet racking systems are your secret weapon in this fight for the organization.

These ingenious structures transform your warehouse floor into a vertical storage haven. But with a variety of racking options available, choosing the right one can feel overwhelming. This guide will equip you with the knowledge to navigate the world of industrial pallet racking and select the perfect system for your warehouse needs.

Understanding Your Needs: The Three Key Considerations

Before diving into specific racking types, let's explore the three crucial factors that influence your decision:

  • Storage Capacity: How much inventory do you need to store? Are you looking to maximize space utilization or prioritize easy access to specific items?
  • Product Flow: Do your products follow a first-in, first-out (FIFO) system, like perishables, or a last-in, first-out (LIFO) approach for non-essentials?
  • Pallet Accessibility: How often will you need to access individual pallets?

By considering these questions, you can narrow down the ideal racking system for your specific warehouse operation.

The Racking Roll Call: Unveiling the Major Players

Now, let's meet the champions of the warehouse storage arena:

  • Selective Pallet Racking: The All-Around MVP

Imagine a classic bookshelf, but supersized and industrial-strength. That's selective racking in a nutshell. It's the most popular option for its versatility. Selective racking offers several advantages, including the ability to adapt to various pallet sizes with adjustable pallet racking options and easy access to individual units.

Individual pallets rest on horizontal beams supported by vertical uprights. This system provides direct access to every pallet, making it ideal for FIFO inventory flow and frequent picking.

  • Double Deep Racking: The Space-Saving Strategist

Think of double deep racking as selective racking's space-saving cousin. Here, two pallets are stored per bay, one behind the other. Maximizing storage density requires specialized forklifts to access the rear pallets. This system is best suited for warehouses with low pick frequency and LIFO inventory flow.

  • Push-back and Carton Flow Racking: The Gravity Groove

These dynamic duos utilize gravity to streamline product movement. Push-back racking features slightly angled bays where pallets rest on rollers. Adding a new pallet pushes the older one back, ensuring a LIFO flow. Carton flow racking works similarly but with angled shelves for smaller items like boxes. Both systems are perfect for high-volume warehouses with consistent product flow.

  • Drive-In and Drive-Thru Racking: The High-Density Specialists

These heavyweights offer the ultimate storage density. Pallets are loaded directly into bays, creating a network of storage lanes. Drive-in systems offer single access points, while drive-thru allows entry and exit from both ends. They are ideal for bulk storage of identical, non-perishable items, but require specialized forklifts and prioritize LIFO flow.

These heavyweights [drive-in/drive-thru racking] offer the ultimate storage density for unit loads of identical, non-perishable items.

  • Cantilever Racking: The Long and Lean Champion

Need a solution for long or oddly-shaped items like pipes or lumber? Cantilever racking comes to the rescue. Imagine shelves jutting out from a single upright post. This system provides easy access to individual items and is perfect for storing bulky goods that don't require frequent handling.

Choosing Your Champion: Matching Racking to Your Needs

Here's a quick reference guide to help you select the optimal racking system:

  • High Volume, Fast-Moving Inventory (FIFO): Selective racking, carton flow racking (for smaller items).
  • Space Optimization, Low Pick Frequency (LIFO): Double deep racking, push-back racking, drive-in/drive-thru racking (for bulk storage).
  • Long or Bulky Items: Cantilever racking.


  • Always prioritize safety when considering weight capacity and proper loading procedures.
  • Consult with a professional racking supplier to assess your specific warehouse needs and recommend the most suitable system.

By understanding your requirements and exploring the different racking options, you can transform your warehouse into a well-organized haven of efficiency. No more pallet pandemonium - conquer the chaos and maximize your storage space with the perfect racking system!

Q&A on Industrial Pallet Racking Systems

1. Q: What are the 3 key considerations to make before choosing a pallet racking system?

A: The article outlines 3 key factors:

  • Storage Capacity: How much inventory do you need to store, and do you prioritize space utilization or easy access to specific items?
  • Product Flow: Do your products follow a FIFO (First-In-First-Out) system or a LIFO (Last-In-First-Out) approach?
  • Pallet Accessibility: How often will you need to access individual pallets?

2. Q: What are the advantages of Selective Pallet Racking?

A: The article describes Selective Racking as the most popular option due to its versatility. It offers:

  • Adaptability to various pallet sizes with adjustable beams.
  • Easy access to individual pallets, making it ideal for FIFO flow and frequent picking.

3. Q: When would Double Deep Racking be a good choice for a warehouse?

A: Double Deep Racking is a space-saving alternative to Selective Racking. It's ideal for warehouses that:

  • Prioritize maximizing storage density.
  • Have low pick frequency.
  • Utilize a LIFO inventory flow (since accessing rear pallets requires specialized forklifts).

4. Q: How do Push-Back and Carton Flow Racking systems utilize gravity?

A: These systems use gravity to streamline product movement:

  • Push-back racking: Pallets rest on rollers in angled bays. Adding a new pallet pushes older ones back, ensuring LIFO flow.
  • Carton flow racking: Similar to push-back, but with angled shelves for smaller items like boxes.

5. Q: What are some of the limitations of Drive-In/Drive-Thru Racking?

A: While offering the highest storage density, Drive-In/Drive-Thru systems have limitations:

  • Require specialized forklifts.
  • Limited access (single entry for Drive-In, dual entry for Drive-Thru).
  • Best suited for bulk storage of identical, non-perishable items due to LIFO flow prioritization.
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